About Ayurvedic Thyroid Treatment:
Ayurvedic thyroid treatment- The thyroid is an endocrine gland situated at the root of the neck on either side of the trachea. It has two lobes which are connected in the middle by an isthmus. Its weight is about 20 to 40 g in the adult. The thyroid is larger in female than in males. The structures and the function of the thyroid gland changes in different stages of the sexual cycle in the female. Its function increases slightly during Pregnancy and Lactation and decreases during menopause.
Hormones of Thyroids glands:
Thyroids gland secretes three hormones:
- Tetra-iodothyronine or T4
- Tri-iodothyronine or T3
Both T3 and T4 are iodine containing derivatives of amino acids tyrosine.
Synthesis of Thyroid Hormones:
Synthesis of Thyroids hormones takes place in thyro-globulin present in the follicular cavity. Iodine and tyrosine are essential for the formation of thyroids hormones.
Stages of synthesis of thyroid hormones:
- Thyroglobulin synthesis
- Iodine trapping
- Oxidation of iodine.
- Transport of iodine into the follicular cavity.
- Iodination of tyrosine.
- Coupling reaction
The Function of Thyroid hormones:
Thyroids hormones have two major effects on the body.
- To increases basal metabolic rate.
- To stimulate growth in children.
The action of Thyroids hormones are:-
- Action on basal metabolic rate.
- Action on protein metabolism.
- By increasing the Translation of RNA.
- By increasing the transcription of DNA to RNA.
- By increasing the activity of Mitochondria.
- By increasing the activity of cellular enzymes.
- Action on carbohydrates metabolism.
- Action of fat metabolism.
- Action on Plasma and liver fats.
- Action on Vitamins metabolism.
- Action on body temperature.
- Action on the cardiovascular system.
- Action on Gastro intestinal tract.
Disorders of Thyroids Gland:
Hyperthyroidsm– Increased secretion of thyroid hormones is called Hyperthyroidism.
- Grave’s diseases.
- Thyroid adenoma
It is an auto-immune disease, and it is the most common causes of hyperthyroidism. Normally TSH combines with the surface receptors of Thyroids cells and causes the synthesis and secretion of Thyroids hormones.
In Grave’s diseases, the B-lymphocytes ( Plasma cells) produces auto-immune antibodies called Thyroids stimulating auto- antibodies ( TSAbs). The antibodies act like TSH by binding with membrane receptors of TSH and activating the CAMP system of the Thyroids follicular cells. This result in hypersecretion of Thyroids hormones.
Sometimes a localized tumour develops in the Thyroid tissue. It is known as Thyroids adenoma, and it secretes large quantities of Thyroid hormones. It is not associated with autoimmunity. As far on this adenoma, remains active. The other parts of the Thyroid gland cannot secrete the hormone. This is because the hormones secreted from adenoma depress the production of TSH.
Tumours of the ovaries and testes.
Benign tumours of the thyroids or pituitary gland.
Sign and Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:
- Breast development in men,
- Difficulty in concentrating,
- Difficulty sleeping,
- Elevated blood pressure,
- Eyes may appear quite prominent (exophthalmos),
- Feel hungry
- Feel restless,
- Hair loss,
- Hand tremors,
- Heat intolerance,
- Increased bowel movements,
- Irregular heartbeat,
- Irregular menstrual cycles,
- Itching ,
- Nausea and vomiting,
- Rapid heart rates,
- Sweat a lot
- Weight loss.
Decreased secretions of Thyroid hormones is called Hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism leads to Myxedema in adults and cretinism in children.
Myxedema is the hypothyriodism in adults, characterized by generally edematous apperances.
Myxedema is the auto-immune disease called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis which is common in the middle-aged women.
Its occurs due to diseases of thyroids glands, genetic disorders or iodine deficiency.
Sign and Symptoms of Myxedema:
- Swelling of the face.
- Bagginess under the eyes.
Cretinism: Cretinism is the hypothyroidism in children, characterized by stunted growth.
Cretinism occurs due to congenital absence of thyroids glands, genetic disorders or lack of iodine in the diet.
Sign and Symptoms of hypothyroidism:
- Changes in the menstrual cycle
- Dry hair and hair loss
- Dry skin
- Greater sensitivity to cold
- Slow heart rate
- Swelling of the thyroid gland (goiter)
- Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Cold hands and feet
- Extreme sleepiness
- Little or no growth
- Low muscle tone (floppy infant)
- Persistent jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)
- Poor feeding habits
- Puffy face
- Stomach bloating
- Swollen tongue
Causes for Thyroid:
- Disorder of the hypothalamus,
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis,
- Medications like lithium (antidepressant),
- Pituitary gland damage or disorder
- Radiation therapy to the neck area,
- Radioactive iodine treatment,
- Thyroid surgery,
- Too little iodine in the diet.
Complications of Hypothyroidism:
The Thyroid function test:
Measurement of Plasma level T4 and T3 for hyporthyroisdism or hypothyroidism, the accurate diagnostic test in the direct measurement of the concentration of free thyroids hormones in the plasma, i.e., T3 and T4.
Measurement of TRH and TSH – There is the almost total absence of these two hormones in hyperthyroidism .It is because of negatives feedback mechanism by the increased level of thyroid hormones.
Measurement of basal metabolic rate- In hyperthyroidism, basal metabolic rate is increased by about 30 to 60% basal metabolic rate is decreased in hypothyroidism by 20 to 40 %.
Ayurvedic view on Thyroid diseases:
According to Ayurveda the Thyroids is located in the 6th tissue level or majjudhatu. Majja is controlled by kapha doshas.
According to Ayurveda, the Thyroid function is controlled by pitta doshas. Pitta is responsible for all of the metabolic action carried out by the Thyroid gland.
Herbal Home Remedies for Thyroid & Ayurvedic Thyroid Treatment:
- Ayurvedic Thyroid Treatment – A fine paste made of the vegetable jalakumbhi (Pistia straticies) applied over the affected part which helps in reducing the swelling. The juice obtained from the jalakumbhi should be given in doses of II to 22 gm a day. It increases the amount of iodine.
- Coconut oil offers much promise today to suffers of hypothyroidism and slow metabolism. It is a known fact that the fatty acid chains in coconut oil, known as medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) or medium- chain triglycerides (MCTs), offer wonderful health benefits and are no- where found more abundantly in nature outside coconut oil. For the hypothyroid sufferer the MCTs rev up the body’s sluggish metabolism.
Classical Herbal Medicines & Ayurvedic Thyroid Treatment:
- Kachanara (Bauhinia veriegata)
- Chanderprabha Vatti
- Liquorice (Glychrrizia glabra)
- Kachnar guggul
- Medohar guggal
Deep Ayruveda patent Medicines – Ayurvedic Thyroids Treatment:
- Femicare Herbal Capsule & Syrup
- Nervocare Herbal Capsule
- Guggal Capsule ( Cammiphora weightii)
- Shilajit Capsule (Asphaltum)
- Gokhshur Capsule (Tribulus terteris)
- Punarnava Capsule ( Boherrvia diffusa)
- Ashwagandha Capsule (Withania somnifera)