Know About Hypertension or High Blood Pressure – Causes, Symptoms and Ayurvedic Treatment

Know About Hypertension or High Blood Pressure

Lets Know About Hypertension or High Blood Pressure

Unbalanced Diet and Sedentary Life lifestyle is the main key factor to lead Hypertension or High Blood Pressure related health issues, So lets discuss in detail to Know About Hypertension or High Blood Pressure in this article.

In Ayurveda, Hypertension or High Blood Pressure can be compared to Raktagata Vata, in this condition the aggravated Vata gets lodged in the circulating blood (Rakta Dhatu) and causes disturbance in its circulation. Raktagata Vata is a blood disorder caused by morbid Vata and Pitta. When the Avalambaka Kapha increases, it causes blockage in the arteries and arterioles which leads to peripheral resistance and atherosclerosis. This further causes Cardiac disorders.

When you Know About Hypertension or High Blood Pressure then Risk Factors all need to Know :

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a primary risk factor that develops different cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack, heart failure, stroke, etc. thus managing blood pressure is very important for reducing the risk of these dangerous health conditions.

Following are some conditions that may lead to developing high blood pressure:

  • Family history having high blood pressure, diabetes, or any cardiovascular disease
  • Overweight
  • Excess intake of foods high in sodium (salt)
  • Addiction to smoking or tobacco
  • Addiction of alcoholism
  • Lack of physical activities or sedentary lifestyle

HypertensionRange of Blood Pressure:

  • Normal Blood Pressure: Systolic is below 120 mm Hg and Diastolic are below 80 mm Hg.
  • Pre-Hypertension: Systolic is between 120-139 mm Hg and Diastolic are between 80-89 mm Hg.
  • Stage-1 Hypertension: Systolic is between 140-159 mm Hg and Diastolic is between 90-99 mm Hg.
  • Stage-2 Hypertension: Systolic values 160 mm Hg or higher and Diastolic values 100 mm Hg or higher.
  • Hypertensive Crisis (Medical Emergency): Systolic Blood pressure is above180 mm Hg and Diastolic is above 100 mm Hg.

Main Causes of Hypertension or High BP

Many predisposing factors lead to high blood pressure are mentioned below:

  • Lavan upyog (excess intake of salt)
  • Krodha, Shok, Bhaya (Mental stress)
  • Shrama (Physical Strain)
  • Ritu Sandhi (Variations in Season)
  • Madhyapana (excess alcohol intake)
  • Madhur, Ati Snigdha & Divaswapan (Sedentary Life Style)
  • Nidanarthkara Roga – Hridroga (Heart disease), Madhumeha (Diabetes), Vrika roga Renal diseases.

Symptoms as per Ayurveda:

In most cases, Hypertension is asymptomatic but the most common symptoms are:

  • Krodhaprachurata (Irritability)
  • Shiro shool (Headache)
  • Shrama (Tiredness)
  • Kampa (Seizures)
  • Shirobhram (Dizziness)
  • Akshiroga (Visual disturbances)
  • Mada (Delirum in encephalopathy)

Samprapti Ghatak (Components of Pathogenesis):

  • Doshas: Prana, Udan, Vyana vayu, Sadhaka Pitta, and Avalambaka Kapha
  • Manas Dosha: Raja, Tama
  • Dushyas: Rasa (plasma), Rakta (blood), Mamsa (muscles), Meda (adipose tissue)
  • UpdhatuSira, Dhamani(Blood Vessels)
  • Agni: Jatharagni-Dhatwagnimandya (Gastric Fire)
  • Aama: Rasagata (Toxins at plasma level)
  • Srotas (Channels): Rasavaha Raktavaha, Pranvaha & Manovha (Circulatory& Respiratory System)
  • Srotodushti Prakar-(type of lesion): Sanga (obstruction)
  • Udabhava Sthana- (site of occurrence): Hridaya, Dhamani (heart & blood vessels)
  • Adhisthana (Location): Mano-daihika (physio-psychological) Sira, Dhamani, Srotas (blood vessels, body channels)
  • Sancharasthana (Transportation): Sarva Sharir (whole-body)
  • Rogamarga (Disease route): Madhyama Rogamarga (intermediate).

Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Ayurveda:

The intake of the causative factors leads to aggravation and vitiation of blood. The doshas present in the blood are involved indirectly in the manifestation of high blood pressure. The excess intake of alcohol and salt vitiates the Sadhaka pitta, a sedentary lifestyle vitiates avalambaka Kapha and mental stress induces aggravation of Prana Vayu.

Initially, the aggravation of Prana Vayu, influence the heart and vitiates residing component like vayana vayu, sadhaka pitta, avalambaka Kapha. Prakupit or Vitiated Avalambaka Kapha induces exaggerated contractility of the heart and aggravated Vayan Vayu leads to an increased speed of the blood (ejection of blood). These conditions result in forceful expulsion of blood through blood vessels and lead to increased resistance in vessels ensuring High blood pressure.

Any Ayurvedic Medications for Hypertension 

In Ayurveda, various components are available that help in the management of hypertension and its associated symptoms. The effective ayurvedic formulations for controlling hypertension are Sarpagandha churna or vati, Brahmi Vati, Punarnavasam, Haridyanava rasa, etc.

Deep Ayurveda also provides 100% extract-based result-oriented medicines and is formulated by an experienced team of Ayurvedic Doctors. The ayurevdic medicines for blood pressure hypertension are free from steroids, chemicals, preservatives, and any adulterations. The detailed information on the medicines which work as the Ayurvedic treatment of Hypertension is mentioned below:

Cardion Heart Care Capsule: The capsule is a composition of Arjuna, Brahmi, Shankhpushpi, Yashtimadhu, Gotukola, and other Ayurvedic herbs that improves blood circulation, strengthens and tones the heart muscles, reduces high blood pressure, enriched with antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Also, it improves blood circulation in people with chronic venous insufficiency and helps in managing heart functions.

Sarpagandha Vati: The chemical composition of Sarpagandha roots works as an excellent natural remedy for managing high blood pressure. It lowers blood pressure and improves blood circulation by dilating the vessels and controlling the functions of nerves that lead to the heart. It is a classical polyherbal medicine used in managing lack of sleep, and increased pulse, and works in neurological problems like stress, anxiety, etc. In the condition of hypertension, the active ingredients of sarpagandha Vati regulate the blood pressure by maintaining the balance of myocardial oxygen.

Heart Care TeaHeart care tea is a composition of amazing ayurvedic herbs that helps in the management of different heart diseases and prevents further complications. The ingredients help control cardiac rhythm, which is useful as it maintains blood pressure and also reduces the incidence of blood clots. The tea is rich in anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-oxidant properties and strengthens the heart muscles.

Panchakarma Management of Hypertension:

Internal Therapies (Antah-Parimarjana):

Panchakarma or Ayurvedic detoxification plays an important role as it throws away the unnecessary morbid Dosha’s and Mala’s from the system to re-establish heart health.

The Panchakarma therapies for Hypertension are mentioned below:

  • Virechana: Virechana therapy is an ideal way of controlling and eliminating the aggravated Pitta and associated Vata. It also corrects the metabolism, improves digestion, and provides lightness to the body. This therapy helps in clearing the blocked channels and removes the morbidity of blood and helps in restoring blood health.
  • Basti (Medicated enema): Basti therapy helps in controlling Vayu dosha as it is the chief causative factor in developing Hypertension.
  • Raktamokshana: Raktamokshana or bloodletting is a very effective and popular therapy to let out the contaminated blood and relieves blockage in circulation. Further, this therapy aids in free circulation provides relief from the peripheral circulation, and re-establishment of heart and circulatory functions.

External Therapies (Bahir Parimarjana):

  • Kshera Dhara: In this therapy, medicated milk shall be poured in streams.
  • Taila Dhara: Medicated oil is poured on the head in streams.
  • Takra Shiro Dhara: In this medicated buttermilk is poured in streams on a scalp while the patient is lying on the Dhara table in the supine position. This therapy has wonderful effects in managing high blood pressure and this procedure is about 30-45 minutes.

Diet and Lifestyle Modifications to control High BP:

Along with the treatment of Hypertension, a person needs to take care of healthy diet and lifestyle activities. Below are some diet and lifestyle modifications, by following this, hypertension can be managed and a person can prevent further complications:

  • Stop Smoking: Excess use of tobacco or smoking is the most significant risk factor for developing heart disease which contains chemicals and may be responsible for developing atherosclerosis.
  • Regular Health Screening: Regular health check-ups or screening done by parameters such as measuring blood pressure, blood tests for LFT, KFT, Blood sugar, and Lipid profile should be monitored regularly.
  • Be Physically Active: By some workouts such as housekeeping, gardening, walking, and jogging can help in normal blood circulation, helps in controlling healthy weight, and thus reduces the chance of developing hypertension.
  • Lower Sodium Intake: Excess Sodium increases blood pressure by causing the body to retain excess fluid. This puts a burden on the heart as well as on blood vessels. So lower sodium intake to manage Blood pressure.
  • Have only fresh, warm, healthy food and avoid binge-eating.
  • Follow the seasonal regime; adopt food habits and lifestyle activities accordingly.
  • Drink an adequate amount of water in specified intervals and seasonal fresh fruit juices. Include more greens in the diet and carrots, flaxseeds, tomatoes, drumsticks, pomegranates, sesame, wheat bran and ginger, beetroot, red cabbage, watermelon, and apple.
  • Certain yoga asana can help in managing high blood pressure like, Shirshasan, Veerbhadrasan, Bhujangasana, Pranayam, Shavasan, Anulom-vilomma, Mayurasan, and Vajrasana.
  • Avoid excessively sour, spicy, salty food like papad, garam masala, chilies, pickles, sausages, bread, flour (maida) products, and foods with preservatives like ready-to-eat preparations.

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