basic principles of ayurveda

Basic Principles Of AYURVEDA

ayurvedic herbs

Introduction of Basic Principles of Ayurveda:

  • “Ayurveda” is an ancient healing system and its roots originated in India more than 5,000 years ago. It is taken as the Upaveda of Atharvaveda (One among the four important Indian Vedas).
  • The word Ayurveda is a combination of two words: “Ayur” means Life, “Veda” means Knowledge, Science, Wisdom. It called a “Science of Life”. More than a system of treating disease, this is a science of life & basic principles of Ayurveda.
  • It gives a body of wisdom designed to help people stay healthy while realizing their full human potential guidelines on their ideal daily and seasonal routines, diet, behavior and the proper use of our senses, Ayurveda reminds us that health is the balanced and dynamic integration between our environment, body, mind, and spirit

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History of Ayurveda

Indra, in turn, taught Ayurveda to a group of assembled sages, who then passed down different aspects of this knowledge to their students. According to history, Ayurveda was first described in text form by Agnivesha, Book named “Agnivesh tantra” later on this book redacted by Charaka, and became known as the Charaka Samhita. Second early text of Ayurveda is the “Sushruta Samhita” which was compiled by Sushrut, the primary pupil of lord Dhanvantri, sometime around 1000 BC. “Maharishi Sushruta” is known as the Father of Kshar Sutra (Surgery).

agnivesha
eight branches of ayurveda

The Eight Branches of Ayurveda (Principles of Ayurveda)

  1. Kayacikitsa (Internal Medicine)- General medicine, medicine for the wellness and treatment
  2. Kaumara-bhṛtya (Pediatrics)- The treatment of children, Pediatrics
  3. Shalyatantra (Surgery)- Surgical techniques and the extraction of foreign objects.
  4. Shalakyatantra (Ophthalmology & ENT)- Treatment of ailments affecting ears, eyes, nose, mouth, etc. (“ENT”)
  5. Bhutavidya- Psychiatry- Main deals with the Psychiatry problem.
  6. Agadatantra- toxicology –
  7. Rasayanatantra (Geriatrics) -Rejuvenation and tonics for increasing lifespan, intellect and strength
  8. Vajikaraṇatantra (Aphrodisiac)- Aphrodisiacs and treatments for sexual diseases, enhancement of sexual pleasure, infertility, etc.

Objective of Ayurveda

SWASTHASYA SYASTHYA RAKSHANAM, AATURASHCHA VIKAR PRASHAMANAM”

“Preservation to the health of the healthy person and treating ailments with different methods of ayurvedic treatment mentioned in Ayurveda”.

Definition of Health According to Ayurveda

Health is defined as the state of Balance of functional humor, metabolic
fires, tissues, and excretions with a pleasant soul, senses and mind

ayurveda
pancha mahabhuta

Pancha Mahabhuta (Five Elements)

Theory of Pancha Mahabhuta or “five great elements” of Ayurveda are:

  1. Prithvi (Earth)
  2. Jala (Water)
  3. Tejas (Fire)
  4. Pavan (Air )
  5. Akasha (Ether)

Hence, Ayurveda advocates Yat Pinde, Tat Bramhande.

Tridosha Theory (Tri energy)

  • Vata: Air and Ether
  • Pitta: Fire
  • Kapha: Water and Earth
basic principles of ayurveda

“Tri-doshaTheory”-  The central concept of Ayurvedic medicine is the theory that health exists when there is a balance between three fundamental bodily senses of humor or tridoshas called Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Every person contains all three doshas. However, the proportion varies according to the person, and usually, one or two Doshas are predominant. Within each person, the Doshas are regularly interacting with each other and with the Doshas in all of nature.
This explains why a human can have much in similar but also have an endless variety of individual characters in the way they behave and respond to their environment.

In Ayurvedic ideology, the five elements associate in pairs to form three dynamic strength or synergy called “doshas”. Dosha means “that which changes.” word taken from the root dus, which is correlative to the English prefix ‘dys’, such as in dystrophy, dysfunction, etc. In this sense, dosha can be the witness as a fault, error, mistake or an infringement against the cosmic rhythm.

vata

Vata: is the air principle necessary to mobilize the function of the nervous system, brain functions, sensory organs

pitta

Pitta: is the fire principle that uses bile to direct digestion & hence metabolism into the venous system.

kapha

Kapha: is the water principle that relates to mucous and lubrication and the carrier of nutrients into the arterial system.

The Doshas are continually moving in dynamic balance, one with the others. Doshas are required for life to come into existence. In Ayurveda, dosha is also known as the organizational principles of Ayurveda as every living thing in nature is characterized by the dosha.

Functions of the Doshas

VATTA- Movement Breathing Natural Urges, Transformation of the tissues, Motor functions, Sensory functions, Secretions, Excretions, Fear, Emptiness, Anxiety, Thoughts, Nerve impulses

PITA- Body heat, Temperature, Digestion, Perception, Understanding, Hunger, Thirst Intelligence, Anger Hate, Jealousy

KAPHA- Stability Energy, Lubrication Forgiveness Greed Attachment Accumulation, Holding Possessiveness

basic principles of ayurveda

Sapta Dhatu – Seven Body Tissues

RASA – Final Metabolic Juice and Plasma (Digestive System)
RAKTA- Blood (Blood Circulatory System)
MAMSA– Muscles and Tendons (Muscular System)
MEDA- Fat
ASTHI – Bone (Skeleton)
MAJJA- Bone Marrow
SHUKRA- Semen Fluid (Reproductive System)
Note: In female one extra dhatu (Body Tissue) which is called “AARTAV” menstrual fluid.

Agni- Digestive Fire

Agni in Sanskrit means fire and is used to describe all metabolic functions in our body.
“A defective fire leads to improper functioning of the tissues which in turn, creates Ama in the gastrointestinal tract and leading to the poor synthesis of tissues.”

Types Of Agni (principles of Ayurveda): According To The function and site of action  AGNI HAS BEEN DIVIDED INTO 13 TYPES ACCORDING TO THE FUNCTION AND SITE OF ACTION:

Jatharagni – One Agni present in the stomach and duodenum.
Bhutagni – Five Agni from five basic elements.
Dhatwagni – Seven Agni present, one in each of the seven dhatus-tissues

basic principles of ayurveda
basic principles of ayurveda

Concept of Prakruti

  • According to Ayurveda, the basic constitution is decided at the time of conception by women. This constitution is named Prakruti.
  • The name Prakruti is a Sanskrit word that means “nature,” creativity,” or “the first creation.” One of the most important concepts of
    Ayurveda is that one’s basic constitution is established throughout his/her lifetime.
  • The mixture of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha that was present in the person at the time of conception is sustained throughout his lifetime.

What is PRAKRUTI (Consistency)

According to Ayurveda, Prakriti or the distinctive personality of an individual is driven by a combination of the Tridoshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
These three doshas rule a person’s health, diseases, a cure for any illness, etc. It is the blend of these three doshas that makes a person different and unique from others.

As per the Ayurveda text following are the factors, which determine the Prakriti of the fetus:

  • Time and season during the conception.
  • Doshic dominance in the uterus.
  • The condition of the sperm and ovum.
  • Maternal food and lifestyle.

Tryo Stambh (Three Pillers) of Ayurveda

  • Food (Diet)
  • Sleep (Mental Wellness), Nidra
  • Proper Management of Sexual Energy

Apart from above three main Piller,  LifeStyle also play an important role for a healthy life  ( Seasonal regimen (Ritu Charya) and daily regimen (Din Charya), Biological Clock

Role of Ayurveda for Wellness

  •  If one follows the basic principles of Ayurveda which includes diet & lifestyle, biological clock.
  • A good sleep pattern according to one’s Prakriti and takes some herbs & herbal supplement according to his / her lifestyle, body type and season than can live a healthy and disease-free life.
  • Due to present-day diet, lifestyle, stress we are not able to follow above-said things strictly and five sensory organs ( tongue-: taste ), Eyes: overutilization, Ear- Noise pollution & high sounds, Nose- Air pollution, a different type of chemicals, Skin- Touch, Chemical Products, Surgeries.
  • Due to the above things, we invite different diseases. Ayurveda has so many traditional herbs, herbal mineral combinations, classical ayurvedic medicine to treat and manage these disorders. These herbal formulation’s references are mentioned in ayurvedic books written by different ayurvedic scholars like Maharishi Charak, Maharishi Susrut, Maharishi Vaghbhat, and many others.

Ways of treatment in Ayurveda

  • Ayurvedic Medicine (Pacification)
  • Herbs, Herbs Juices, Herb Powder, Herbal Extract Capsule (Satav), Syrup, Kwath, Arisht, Ashav, Pishti, Bhasam, Kshar, Vatti, Ras Aushadhi, Ghrit, Lehas.

Panchkarma Treatment (Purification & Detoxification )

  • Oleation therapy
  • Steam
  • Therapy
  • Emesis
  • Therapy
  • Purgation Therapy
  • Enema Therapy
principles of ayurveda

Ayurveda Surgery (Kshar Sutra For piles & fistula)

Modern surgery is also gifted to the world by the renowned Ayurveda guru maharishi sushrut who is a well-known surgeon of ancient time and who is even doing successful plastic surgery like rhinoplasty, organ transplant, eye surgeries without anesthesia & antibiotics.

Myths on Ayurveda medicine

Slow Healing- Ayurveda medicine working on root cause on different parameter and
secondly patient comes with chronic illness that’s take some time but heals properly without any side effects.

Ayurvedic Medicine Contains Heavy Metal & Poisonous substances

This is the wrong myth, In Ayurveda, we use each and everything which is available in nature to heal diseases and to prevail health. In Ayurveda books, there is mention a proper way of purification of these herbs, metals, minerals, poisons, etc to use them as a medicine in appropriate dosages according to Prakriti (body), Desh (Country/region) and Kaal (seasons) and lots of studies also done on that.