Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra) Herb Ayurvedic Overview

ajagandha (cleome gynandra)

Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra) is a medicinal plant that extensively used in Ayurvedic Treatment and is grows as a weed throughout the warmer part of India. It consists of the seeds of Cleome gynandra Linn. Syn. Gynandropsis gynandra (Linn.) Briquet (Fam.Capparidaceae). Ayurvedic Acharyas describes that Ajagandha is effectively working in the management of bloating, non-healing wounds, parasitic worms, etc.

ajagandha (cleome gynandra)Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra) Synonyms:

  • Sanskrit: Putigandha, Ugragandha
  • Assamese: Bhutmulla
  • Bengali: Hurhuria, Shulte
  • English: Dog Mustard
  • Gujrati: Talvani, Dhelitalavan
  • Hindi: Hulhul, Hurhur, Kavalia
  • Kannada: Naram bele Soppu, Nayeetulasi
  • Kashmiri: Gandi Buti
  • Malayalam: Atunari vela
  • Marathi: Tilvan, Bhatvan, Mabli, Tilavana, Tilvant
  • Oriya: Anasorisia, Anasorisa
  • Punjabi: Bugra
  • Tamil: Nal valai, Nal velai
  • Telugu: Vaminta, Vayinta

Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra) Description :

a) Macroscopic : Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra) Seeds are tiny in size, having 1-2 mm in diameter, kidney-shaped, surface rough, dark brown, or black.

b) Microscopic : It is dark brown and oily. Under a microscope, it shows several fragments of epidermis that consist of thin-walled, polygonal cells that resemble stone cells. The leaf stalk is about 20-50 mm long, having glandular hairs.

Identity, Purity and Strength of Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra)

  • Foreign matter                               Not more than 2 percent,                   Appendix         2.2.2.
  • Total Ash                                        Not more than 7 percent,                   Appendix        2.2.3.
  • Acid-insoluble ash                         Not more than 0.4 percent,                Appendix         2.2.4.
  • Alcohol-soluble extractive             Not less than 16 percent,                   Appendix         2.2.6.
  • Water-soluble extractive               Not less than 7 percent,                      Appendix         2.2.7.

Chemical Constituents of Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra) seeds:

The main constituents of Ajagandha ( Cleome gynandra) seeds are: Fixed oil, essential oil, and oleoresin

Ayurvedic Properties and Action of Ajagandha Ajagandha (Cleome gynandra):

  • Rasa: Katu
  • Guna: Laghu, Ruksha
  • Virya: Shita
  • Vipaka: Katu
  • Karma: Shulagna, Dipana, Hridya, Pittala, Vatahara

Ayurvedic Formulation made by Ajagandgha (Cleome gynandra):

Narayana Churna

Therapeutic Uses of Ajagandgha (Cleome gynandra):

Gulma, Asthila, Karanroga, Krimiroga, Kandu

Dose of Ajagandgha (Cleome gynandra):

A person can consume 1-3 gm of the drug in powder form.

Reference:

Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia of India